The Almabtrieb is the German word for the homecoming of the cows, sheep, and goats from the high Alpine pastures after the summer. The event is celebrated in many villages in Tyrol. This post will help you find the best ones this year.
What Is an Almabtrieb?
A traditional Almabtrieb or cattle drive is the occasion when the cows of the Alps return to their valley homes after spending the summer in high mountain pastures.
There are more than 2,100 alpine pastures in the Austrian Tyrol where over 100,000 heads of cattle, 70,000 sheep, 5,500 goats and 2,000 horses graze during the warmer months. In September and October, it´s time for the animals to return to their stables.
More than 40 Almabtriebe, big and small, are still celebrated in Tyrol. The reason for the festivities is to give thanks for the safe return of the herds.
The animals are adorned with beautiful headdresses that fit over the forehead and nose of the cow. Sometimes they display a picture of a saint or sometimes the name of the Alm (pasture) where the animal comes from. Others feature a Tyrolean saying with pretty embroidery.
Brightly embroidered collars hold giant bells, polished to a high gloss, around the cows’ necks. The bells and headdresses can weigh up to 20kg.
The dressing of the cows starts at the crack of dawn because the way home can be long and difficult. It´s not uncommon for herds to cover more than 20 km, including a steep descent, in one day.
Over time, colourful customs developed around the return of the livestock and the herdsman. Because there isn’t much time for eating and drinking while driving the animals home, the herdsman would be dying of hunger and thirst when arriving home. That’s why a feast awaits them to this day.
Of course, the fact that everyone makes it down the mountain safely is also a reason to celebrate with some schnapps or a beer. And to add to the festive mood, local musicians take up their instruments to provide a festive backdrop for traditional dances.
The farmers’ wives serve Kiachl, Knödel, and other traditional Austrian food, some of which are prepared only during this special occasion.
Interesting Almabtrieb Facts
- In Tyrol, around 110,000 heads of cattle, 70,000 sheep, 5,500 goats, and 2,000 horses graze on high Alpine pastures during the summer.
- The seasonal migration of livestock between summer and winter pastures is also called transhumance. Transhumance, as practiced in the Alps, where the animals move from the valleys to the high mountain pastures, is called vertical transhumance or Alpine transhumance.
- The reason why so many animals get driven into the mountains in summer is that there aren’t enough grazing areas in the valleys. The 2,100 alpine pastures in Tyrol add around 180,000 hectares of grazing land in summer.
- The grass on the mountain pastures is much healthier than the stable feed, resulting in better quality milk. Moreover, without the livestock grazing in the herb-rich alpine pastures, the meadows will become wild and overgrown.
- It’s not always easy for farmers to find mountain pastures for their cows near their homes. One of the farmers we know from Tulfes has to break his herd up, with one lot spending summer in the Karwendel mountains across the valley.
- The use of alpine meadows for grazing dates back to the Neolithic Age. Pollen analysis by researchers from the University of Innsbruck showed that alpine pastures in the Ötztal were grazed more than 6,000 years ago. This is one of the most interesting facts about Austria I’ve come across.
- The Tyrolean alpine landscape of today has essentially been the same since the Middle Ages. This can be seen, for example, in the Rattenberger Salbuch from 1416, which lists all the alpine pastures of the Alpbachtal.
When Is the Almabtrieb?
The Almabtrieb often coincides with the autumn harvest festival in September and October. Most cattle drives accompanied by organised village festivities happen on a Saturday or Sunday. There are more than 40 noteworthy cattle drives in Tyrol alone.
You’ll find a detailed list, with dates and places, here. A lot of the text is in German, but it’s easy to understand the place names and dates.
Popular Almabtrieb Festivals in Tyrol
Reith im Alpbachtal
The Almabtrieb in Reith im Alpbachtal, a village in the Alpbach Valley between Kufstein and Innsbruck, is one of the most popular ones in Tyrol.
In Reith im Alpbachtal a parish festival is held on the same day. The authentic folk festival, with a farmers’ and craft market, is so popular that it’s now held over two weekends to accommodate the many visitors coming from near and far.
The arrival of the cows is hard to miss with the sound of their bells rising above the noisy crowds.
The town’s marching band and a variety of other bands perform on different stages during the day, while their listeners consume hundreds of litres of beer and merrily sing along as the day progresses.
When hunger strikes, there is no shortage of traditional Tyrolean dishes – from Knödelsuppe (dumpling soup) to sausages and Breze (pretzels) and Lebkuchen (spicy cake) cows.
Those who are more interested in culture and tradition than in partying can watch the local artisans practice their craft. There are basket weavers, wool weavers, woodcarvers, and schnapps distillers – with accompanying tasting of the latter!
Watching the Almabtrieb in Reith im Alpbachtal is an experience not to be missed, especially if it’s your only chance of witnessing an Almabtrieb in Tyrol. It showcases the best Austrian traditions all in one place.
Mayrhofen is a village in the Zillertal. On the day of the Almabtrieb, the individual farmers come from various side valleys, such as Zillergrund, Stilluptal, Tuxertal, and also from Ginzling and Schwendberg.
Each decorated herd is lead by a leading cow called the Moarkuh. She is followed by followed by heifers, bulls, young oxen and sometimes also small livestock like sheep and goats.
Tyrol’s largest lake gets even prettier when herds of colourful cattle descend from the surrounding mountains in the autumn. There are more than 50 managed mountain pastures in the Rofan and Karwendel mountains around Lake Achen.
Up to nine Almabtrieb festivals are held in the region between September and October, with the one from the Gramai Alm to Pertisau being one of the highlights.
Where to Stay for the Almabtrie
Tips for Attending an Almabtrieb in Austria
- Take cash. While smaller Almabtrieb processions are free to watch, bigger ones may charge a fee to help cover costs. Adults pay €5 to enter Reith im Alpbachtal for the cattle drive.
- Try to arrive early to find parking and a good spot from where to watch the cows enter the town. Sometimes fields bordering towns are turned into parking areas with parking attendants showing you where to park.
- If you’re hungry and want to try some of the local delicacies, try to get your food before 12:00 if you don’t want to queue. Most Austrians eat exactly at noon!